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CREDITS : 4

UNIT STANDARD: 120359

DURATION : DAY 1

NQF LEVEL : 4

Lesson 1: Explain the principles of advanced primary emergency care in all health emergencies. 

  • The aims of emergency care are identified and explained with relevance to the risks of a specific situation

  • Universal precautions used during treatment of sick and injured are identified and their purposes explained and applied in terms of accepted health procedures. 

  • Universal precautions used during treatment of sick and injured are identified and their purposes explained and applied in terms of accepted health procedures. 

Lesson 2: Demonstrate an advanced level of preparedness to deal with potential emergencies. 

  • Legal responsibilities are identified and explained in accordance with relevant current legislation and associated regulations. 

  • The legislated rescue and first aid equipment and any additional applicable risk based equipment is identified and demonstrated in accordance with specific given uses. 

  • Emergency equipment storage and maintenance is described and demonstrated according to required specifications and accessibility for use. 

  • The level of preparedness demonstrated is applicable to the specific risk site. 

Lesson 3: Assess and manage a complex emergency scene/disaster. 

  • Potential disasters are identified in terms of their likelihood of occurrence. 

  • The principles and implementation methods of the situational disaster management plans are explained in terms of activation, establishment and maintenance. 

  • The potential health hazards that may result from a complex emergency scene/disaster are assessed and explained in terms of the causes identified.

  • The method of triage is explained in accordance with the accepted international codes. 

Lesson 4: Describe the emergency care management of disorders and diseases relating to each physical system

  • Applied anatomy and physiology of the various human body systems are explained in accordance with scientifically accepted terminology. 

  • Common disorders and diseases relevant to each system of the body are identified and described in terms of signs, symptoms and emergency care management. 

Lesson 5: Apply primary emergency life support for adults, children and infants according to current international and/or national protocols. 

  • A primary survey is conducted; signs and symptoms are identified and recorded in terms of required protocols. 

  • Methods of managing airway obstruction/choking are demonstrated

  • One/two rescuer CPR is explained and demonstrated with the use of barrier ventilation devices, utilizing appropriately sized manikins.

      

Lesson 6: Apply primary emergency life support for adults, children and infants according to current international and/or national protocols. 

  • Recovery positions are demonstrated with and without spinal board and spider harness in accordance with the safety and comfort of the patient. 

  • The patient is transported in terms of availability according to the conditions under which the incident occurred. 

  • The need for oxygen therapy is explained, the administration is demonstrated and the dangers of open oxygen elaborated. 

  • Pulse sites and pulse monitoring are explained and demonstrated in terms of on-going monitoring of the condition of the patients.