The effective, efficient and economic management and advancement of projects and programmes from inception to close-out/final account as defined in the SACAP standards services stages and Infrastructure Delivery Management System (IDMS) is critical for the sustainable, viable and feasible implementation of projects to ensure milestones are duly met; resources & costs are efficiently applied and quality & scope is not compromised. Through effective project & programme management; risks, scope variation and critical dependencies are tangibly managed through ingenuity to ensure that the outcome of the project and/or programme is aligned with the strategic objectives throughout the lifecycle of the development.